Sports Medicine, also known as sports and exercise medicine (SEM), is a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment and prevention of sports and exercise-related injuries and improving fitness and performance. The main objective of sports medicine is to help individuals engage in sports and exercise in a safe and effective manner to accomplish their training goals.
The term arthritis literally means inflammation of a joint but is generally used to describe any condition in which there is damage to the cartilage. Inflammation is the body's natural response to injury. The warning signs that inflammation presents are redness, swelling, heat, and pain.
Tendonitis refers to the inflammation of a tendon, which is a band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone. Tendonitis can result from repetitive or overuse injuries and can occur during activities such as gardening, carpentry, shoveling, painting, scrubbing, tennis, golfing, skiing, and pitching.
Inflammatory myositis, sometimes referred to as inflammatory myopathies, is a group of rare diseases defined by muscle inflammation, which can cause prolonged muscle weakness, fatigue, and pain. The four main types of long-term or chronic inflammatory myositis are polymyositis, dermatomyositis, inclusion body myositis, and necrotizing autoimmune myositis. These conditions can affect the skin, internal organs, and multiple muscle groups of patients. Inflammatory myositis can affect people of all ages, including children.
A bone fracture is a medical condition in which a bone is cracked or broken. It is a break in the continuity of the bone. While many fractures are the result of high-force impact or stress, bone fractures can also occur because of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis.